Serbian Serbs came to the Balkans during the Great Migration and were first mentioned by Emperor Constantine Porfignatus in the 10th century.
The early settlers were in what is today Western Serbia, the eastern and central regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Because they have received various influences, they have stayed until today. The early settlers worked to play the role of an imaginary border between East and West while taking into account the advantages of both.
The history of Serbia, from the Celtic invasion in the 4th century BC to the German invasion in World War II, is marked by invasion. The important event that shaped the country occurred in 395 AD, when the Roman Emperor Theodosius I (Theodosius I) split the empire. He handed Serbia to the Byzantines-locking the country in Eastern Europe. This move was cast in concrete at Sts. Cyril and Methodius converted the Serbs to the Orthodox Church in 879.
Since they abandoned the old Slavic beliefs, the Serbs have had authority similar to that of parliament and respected individuals. All this is not enough to maintain the homogeneity of the people.
Serbia enjoyed a brief period of independence from 1217 to 1389, when the Turks defeated Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo-starting 500 years of Islamic rule. Although the report was cancelled, a report in 1815 led to Serbia’s independence, which was completed in 1878.
After experiencing slavery, Serbia was liberated from the Ottoman Turks in the 1800s, and therefore began to transform into a modern country-which Europe is admired politically and culturally. The country became a kingdom during the reign of Milan Oberonovich in 1882.
In June 1914, the assassination of Franck Ferdinand gave Austria-Hungary an excuse to invade Serbia, and the First World War began. At the end of the war, Serbia and Montenegro joined Srem, Banat, Backa I Baranja and Serbia to form a new country-the Kingdom of Serbia.
In 1941, Yugoslavia joined the Tripartite Alliance of Fascism, which led to a coup and withdrew from the long-term alliance with other Eastern European countries. In 1945, the current government was established, the monarchy was abolished, and the establishment of the Federal Republic was announced.
By 1986, Serbian nationalists began to take root in the “Greater Serbia”, including Serbs in other republics. Slobodan Milosevic adopted this doctrine when trying to control Yugoslavia. The result was a bloody war against Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia in order to gain independence.
In the late 1980s, the development of nationalism and the yearning for independence triggered conflicts among the people of Yugoslavia. Civil wars broke out on the territories of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina; the conflict ended in 1995.
The remaining Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia formed the “third” Yugoslav Union in 1992. The West triggered protests and arms embargoes. In March 1999, Serbia ignored the peace plan advocated by the United States and the peace talks failed.
By March 2006, Milosevic had died, and another chapter in the history of the region was over.
A citizen in May 2006, Montenegro decided that it should also gain independence-the dissolution of Yugoslavia came to an end. Since then, Serbia has existed as an independent country, the Republic of Serbia.
The southern provinces of Kosovo and Metohija were protected after the conflict between Serbs and Albanians in 1999. Approximately 240,000 Serbs have been resettled. Today, approximately 100,000 Serbs live in Kosovo and Metohija, most of whom live in northern Kosovo.